Colombia and the peace-making process

Marco Zupi
Note for the Osservatorio di Politica Internazionale

Analysis on the peace agreement between the Colombian Government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia - FARC, signed on the 24th of November in Bogotá.

The Agreement gained the international community's support, but also met with opposition within the country; furthermore, it suffers from a lack of political legitimization among the people which reflects the country's wide-spread indifference and detachment from such a crucial issue as peace, in a climate of harsh discord between cities and rural areas, between integrated territories and people and marginalized areas and communities.

The agreement includes six crucial strategic aspects: extensive rural development, political participation, end of the conflict, resolution of the illegal drugs usage problem, reparation for the victims of the conflict, procedures for the approval of the agreement.

The end of the conflict and the political participation in the country and in the Parliament of the forces moving the FARC's armed groups are key elements of such a controversial agreement and it is on these elements that the cease fire is upheld.

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